STORM WATER MANAGEMENT & POLLUTION PREVENTION
1. General Information
2. Septic Systems
3. Construction Activities
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Septic Systems Information
Construction Activities Subject to the NYSDEC Permit
All projects that cause a soil disturbance of one acre or more are regulated by the NYSDEC Stormwater Construction Activity and must submit a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) to the Village and file a Notice of Intent (NOI) with DEC prior to the start of construction.
Helpful Information and Important Reminders from NYSDEC
• An owner or operator of a construction activity that is eligible for coverage under the SPDES General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Construction Activity (GP-0-10-6 001) must obtain coverage under the permit prior to the commencement of construction activity. They cannot wait until there is an actual discharge from the construction site to obtain permit coverage. This requirement comes from Section 17-0505 of the ECL which states “The making or use of an outlet or point source discharging into the waters of the state, and the operation or construction of disposal systems, without a valid SPDES permit as provided by section 17-0701 or title 8 hereof are prohibited.”. Several federal court cases have held that construction activity, which requires a NPDES permit (SPDES in New York State), is properly defined as a point source under the Clean Water Act (CWA). In other words, activities that fit the definition of “construction activity” under 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(x) and (15)(i), constitute point source activity. Therefore, pursuant to Section 17-0505, the owner or operator must have coverage under a SPDES permit prior to commencing construction activity.
• The owner of a construction activity needs to ensure that the appropriate “Qualified Inspector” has been hired to inspect the different components of the SWPPP. Some of the individuals included in the definition of “Qualified Inspector” may not have the necessary qualifications, certification(s) or license(s) to inspect a post-construction stormwater management practice and then certify that it has been constructed in conformance with the SWPPP (Refer to the NYS Education Department rules and regulations that apply to licensed professional engineers). For these inspections, the owner may have to hire the design engineer (or other professional engineer) to act as the “Qualified Inspector” in order to meet any NYS Education Department rules and regulations that apply to licensed professionals.
• The trained contractor identified in Part III.A.6. cannot conduct the qualified inspector site inspections unless they meet the qualified inspector qualifications included in Appendix A of this permit. In order to perform these inspections, the trained contractor would have to be a:
- licensed Professional Engineer,
- Certified Professional in Erosion and Sediment Control (CPESC),
- Registered Landscape Architect, or someone working under the direct supervision of, and at the same company as, the licensed Professional Engineer or Registered Landscape Architect, provided they have received four (4) hours of Department endorsed training in proper erosion and sediment control principles from a Soil and Water Conservation District, or other Department endorsed entity.
Horse owners must consider the following points to protect water quality:
1) Collect manure from stalls daily and uncovered paddocks daily ( particularly during winter), and store in sheltered stockpile areas.
2) During the dry season, moisten paddock areas after manure clean up to facilitate decomposition of residual waste.
3) Prevent excess chemicals from grooming and health products from draining directly into waterways.
4) Maintain buffer strips of vegetation between barnyards, paddocks, manure storage areas and waterways to filter sediments and absorb nutrients in runoff.
5) Maintain proper grading in paddock areas to avoid pooling water and mud.
1) Maintain pasture productivity by controlling the number of livestock and amount of time they spend on a pasture.
2) Cross-fence pastures to allow rotation of grazing animals.
3) Prevent bare areas from forming in pastures and allow time for re-growth. Graze grass to a height of 3-4 inches and allow re-growth to 6-8 inches before returning livestock to it.
4) Use exclusionary fencing and limit grazing of riparian corridors.
5) Create winter sacrifice areas to keep livestock off wet soils which will reduce mud and erosion.
Manure Storage Management
1) Maintain buffer strips of vegetation between manure storage areas and waterways to filter sediments and absorb nutrients in runoff.
2) Store stockpiled manure on flat ground.
3) Locate manure stockpiles on an impervious surface (concrete pad or plastic tarp) to prevent leaching.
4) Cover manure piles to prevent rainwater from picking up any contaminants and carrying them to surface and/or ground water.
5) Remove stockpiled manure on a regular basis.